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ফার্মেসীর জন্য পাইকারি দামে ঔষধ কিনতে রেজিস্টেশন করুন
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Medical Overview
Indication
Myocardial infarction, Unstable angina, Venous thromboembolism, Deep vein thrombosis
Administration
Low body weight (<45 kg for women or <57 kg for men): Increased exposure has been observed with prophylactic (non-weight adjusted) dosage; carefully monitor for sign/symptoms of bleeding Administer deep SC alternating right and left anterior and posterior abdominal walls into skin fold held between thumb and forefinger Use of tuberculin syringe (or equivalent) is recommended to assure appropriate measurement of dose For IV administration, may administer in IV line with 0.9% NaCl or D5W
Adult Dose
Deep Vein Thrombosis (Prophylaxis) Prevent the occurrence of pulmonary embolism in patients at risk for thromboembolic complications who are undergoing abdominal surgery or hip or knee replacement surgery, as well as in medical patients with severely restricted mobility during acute illness Abdominal surgery 40 mg SC qDay; initiate 2 hr preoperatively Knee or hip replacement surgery 30 mg SC q12hr; initiate therapy 12-24 hr postoperatively and continued for 10 days or up to 35 days postoperatively or until risk of DVT has been significantly reduced or patient is on anticoagulant therapy For hip replacement surgery, may consider administering 40 mg SC qDay, initiated 9-15 hr preoperatively and continued for 10 days or up to 35 days postoperatively or until risk of DVT has been significantly reduced or patient is on anticoagulant therapy Medical patients with restricted mobility 40 mg SC qDay; continue until risk of DVT has been significantly (6-11 days) reduced or patient is on anticoagulant therapy Dosing considerations Abdominal surgery: Duration of administration is 7-10 days; up to 12 days has been administered in clinical trials or until risk of DVT has diminished Knee or hip replacement surgery: Duration of administration is 7-10 days; up to 14 days has been administered in clinical trials or until risk of DVT has diminished Medical patients with restricted mobility: Duration of administration is 6-11 days; up to 14 days has been administered in clinical trials Deep Vein Thrombosis (Treatment) Inpatient treatment Acute DVT with or without PE, when administered in conjunction with warfarin sodium 1 mg/kg SC q12hr, OR 1.5 mg/kg SC qDay (administer at same time each day) Outpatient treatment Acute DVT without PE, when administered in conjunction with warfarin sodium 1 mg/kg SC q12hr Dosing considerations In inpatient and outpatient treatments, initiate warfarin therapy within 72 hours of starting enoxaparin Continue enoxaparin for a minimum of 5 days and until a therapeutic oral anticoagulant effect has been achieved (INR 2.0-3.0) Average duration of administration is 7 days; up to 17 days has been administered in clinical trials Unstable Angina & Non-Q-Wave MI Prophylaxis of ischemic complications of unstable angina and non-Q-wave myocardial infarction, when concurrently administered with aspirin 1 mg/kg SC q12hr Regimen includes aspirin (100-325 mg/day PO) Dosing considerations Administer for at least 2 days and then continue until clinical stabilization Usual duration of treatment is 2-8 days; up to 12.5 days has been administered in clinical trials Acute STEMI Reduce the rate of the combined endpoint of recurrent myocardial infarction or death in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving thrombolysis and being managed medically or with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) All patients should receive aspirin as soon as they are identified as having STEMI and should be maintained with 75-325 mg PO qDay unless contraindicated <75 years Loading dose: 30 mg IV bolus once plus 1 mg/kg SC once; not to exceed 100 mg cumulative loading dose Maintenance: 1 mg/kg SC q12hr >75 years No IV bolus 0.75 mg/kg SC q12hr Not to exceed 75 mg/dose for first 2 doses only, followed by 0.75 mg/kg for remaining doses With PCI If last enoxaparin was given <8 hr before balloon inflation, no additional dosing is needed If last enoxaparin was given 8-12 hr before balloon inflation, an IV bolus of 0.3 mg/kg should be administered If PCI occurs >12 hr after last SC dose; use established anticoagulation therapy (full-dose unfractionated heparin or LMWH Patient that has not received prior anticoagulant therapy: 0.5-0.75 mg/kg bolus dose Dosing considerations Administered concurrently with aspirin In conjunction with thrombolytic: Administer enoxaparin between 15 minutes before and 30 minutes after initiating fibrinolytic therapy; optimal treatment duration of enoxaparin is 8 days or until hospital discharge (whichever comes first)
Renal Dose
Renal impairment Severe (CrCl <30 mL/min): Dosage reductions required Prophylaxis in abdominal surgery: 30 mg SC qDay Prophylaxis in hip or knee replacement surgery: 30 mg SC qDay Prophylaxis in medical patients with restricted mobility: 30 mg SC qDay DVT treatment (inpatient or outpatient) coadministered with warfarin: 1 mg/kg SC qDay Non-Q-wave myocardial infarction: 1 mg/kg SC qDay Treatment of acute STEMI (<75 years): 30 mg IV single bolus plus 1 mg/kg SC, THEN 1 mg/kg SC qDay Treatment of acute STEMI (>75 years): No initial bolus; maintenance of 1 mg/kg SC qDay
Contraindication
Hyper-sensitivity to either Enoxaparin, heparin or other low molecular weight heparins; major clotting disorders like history of thrombocytopenia, active gastro-intestinal ulcer or organic lesion likely to bleed, recent haemorrhagic vascular cerebral stroke. Although rare, cutaneous or systemic allergic reactions may occur.
Mode of Action
Enoxaparin is a low molecular weight heparin w/ anticoagulant properties. It acts by enhancing the inhibition rate of activated clotting factors including thrombin and factor Xa through its action on antithrombin III.
Precaution
Enoxaparin injection should not be administered by intramuscular route. Enoxaparin should be used with caution in conditions with increased potential for bleeding, such as impaired hemostasis, history of peptic ulcer, recent ischemic stroke, uncontrolled severe arterial hypertension, diabetic retinopathy, recent neuro or opthalmologic surgery and low weight patients. It is recommended that the platelet count be measured befored the initiation of the treatment and regularly thereafter during treatment. Lactation: Excretion in milk unknown; not recommended
Side Effect
1-10% Hemorrhage (1-4%),Elevation of serum aminotransferases (6%),Fever (5-8%),Local site reactions (2-5%),Thrombocytopenia (3%),Nausea (3%),Anemia (2%),Ecchymosis (3%) <1% Atrial fibrillation,Heart failure,Pulmonary edema,Pneumonia Potentially Fatal: Haemorrhagic complications.
Pregnancy Category Note
Pregnancy Human data from a retrospective cohort study, suggest that enoxaparin does not increase risk of major developmental abnormalities Pregnancy alone confers increased risk for thromboembolism that is higher for women with thromboembolic disease and certain high risk pregnancy conditions; while not adequately studied, pregnant women with mechanical prosthetic heart valves may be at even higher risk for thrombosis; pregnant women with thromboembolic disease, including those with mechanical prosthetic heart valves and those with inherited or acquired thrombophilias, have an increased risk of other maternal complications and fetal loss regardless of type of anticoagulant used All patients receiving anticoagulants, including pregnant women, are at risk for bleeding; pregnant women receiving drug should be carefully monitored for evidence of bleeding or excessive anticoagulation Hemorrhage can occur at any site and may lead to death of mother and/or fetus; pregnant women should be apprised of potential hazard to fetus and mother if therapy is administered during pregnancy Lactation Unknown whether therapy is excreted in human milk; in lactating rats, passage of enoxaparin or metabolites in milk is very limited; there is no information available on effect of enoxaparin or metabolites on breastfed child, or on milk production; developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with mother's clinical need for therapy and any potential adverse effects on breastfed child from drug or from underlying maternal condition Excretion in milk unknown; not recommended
Interaction
Increased risk of bleeding w/ anticoagulants, platelet aggregation inhibitors (e.g. dipyridamole, salicylates, NSAIDs, sulfinpyrazone). May increase bleeding w/ vit E.
ফার্মেসীর জন্য পাইকারি দামে ঔষধ কিনতে রেজিস্টেশন করুন
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Disclaimer
The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.