Diarrhea, Dehydration, Vomiting, Fluid and Electrolytes imbalance
Adult: After each loose stool or vomiting 200-400 ml of prepared saline. Daily dose should be equivalent to patients' fluid requirement for maintenance and replenishment of losses. During saline therapy normal food should be continued in case of adults.
Children above 10 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 200-400 ml of prepared saline. Children 2 to 10 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 100-200 ml of prepared oral saline. Children less than 2 years: After each loose stool or vomiting 10 to 20 spoonful (50-100 ml) of prepared saline. Daily dose should be equivalent to patients' fluid requirement for maintenance and replenishment of losses. During saline therapy mother should not stop breast-feeding to their child.
Patients with known hypersensitivity.
Mode of Action
Potassium chloride is a major cation of the intracellular fluid. It plays an active role in the conduction of nerve impulses in the heart, brain and skeletal muscle; contraction of cardiac skeletal and smooth muscles; maintenance of normal renal function, acid-base balance, carbohydrate metabolism and gastric secretion. Sodium chloride is the major extracellular cation. It is important in electrolyte and fluid balance, osmotic pressure control and water distribution as it restores sodium ions. It is used as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration, treatment of metabolic acidosis, priming solution in haemodialysis and treatment of hyperosmolar diabetes. It is also used as diluents for infusion of compatible drug additives. Dextrose is a monosaccharide that is used as a source of calories and water for hydration. It helps to reduce loss of body protein and nitrogen. It also promotes glycogen deposition in the liver. When used with insulin, it stimulates the uptake of potassium by cells, especially in muscle tissue, thus lowering serum potassium levels.
Depressed renal function, severe continuing diarrhoea or other critical fluid losses may need supplementation with parenteral fluids along with oral saline. Reconstitue saline should be used within 6 hours.
No significant side effects.
The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.