It is unsafe to consume alcohol with SGN 100.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
SGN 100 is generally considered safe to use during pregnancy. Animal studies have shown low or no adverse effects to the developing baby; however, there are limited human studies.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
SGN 100 is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent any significant risk to the baby.
Your ability to drive may be affected if your blood sugar is too low or too high. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
SGN 100 should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of SGN 100 may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
SGN 100 is probably safe to use in patients with liver disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of SGN 100 may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.
SGN 100 is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is used together with a healthy diet and regular exercise to control blood sugar levels. This helps to prevent serious complications of diabetes like kidney damage and blindness. SGN 100 is normally prescribed when diet and exercise alone or other medicines do not prove sufficient to control your blood sugar level. Your doctor may prescribe it alone or along with other diabetes medicines. It may be taken on an empty stomach or with a meal. The dose will depend on your condition, and blood sugar levels. Therefore, you should use it as advised by your doctor. You should take it regularly at the same time each day to get the most benefit, and you should not stop unless your doctor recommends. This medicine is helping you to control your blood sugar levels and prevent serious complications in the future. It is important to stay on the diet and exercise program recommended by your doctor while taking this medicine. Your lifestyle plays a big part in controlling diabetes. The most common side effect of taking this medicine is headache. This is usually minor and improves with time. Low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) is a possible side effect if you are also taking other diabetes medicines like insulin or sulfonylurea, so you need to know how to recognize and deal with it. It may also cause upper respiratory tract infections like sore throat, cough and cold. Contact your doctor if the side effects worry you or if they do not go away. Before taking this medicine, let your doctor know if you have ever had kidney disease, heart or pancreas problems, or if you drink a lot of alcohol. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should also consult their doctor before taking it. Some other medicines you are taking may interfere with this medicine's working. So, make sure your doctor knows about all the other medicines you are using. Limit your alcohol intake while taking this medicine because it can increase your risk of developing low blood sugar levels. You may need regular tests such as kidney function and blood glucose levels to check that the medicine is working properly.
Uses of SGN 100
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Side effects of SGN 100
- Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar level) in combination with insulin or sulphonylurea
- Upper respiratory tract infection
- Nasopharyngitis (inflammation of the throat and nasal passages)
How to use SGN 100
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. SGN 100 may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.
How SGN 100 works
SGN 100 is an antidiabetic medication. It works by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas and decreasing the hormones that raise blood sugar levels. This reduces the fasting and postmeal sugar levels.
What if you forget to take SGN 100?
If you miss a dose of SGN 100, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
- SGN 100 should be taken at the same time every day since this helps you remember to take it.
- It may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) when used with other antidiabetic medicines, alcohol or if you delay or miss a meal.
- Always carry some sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience hypoglycemia symptoms such as cold sweats, cool pale skin, tremor and anxiety.
- Be careful while driving or operating machinery until you know how SGN 100 affects you.
- Inform your doctor if you notice joint pains or develop symptoms such as stomach pain, nausea and/or vomiting.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus
May be taken with or without food.
Oral Type 2 diabetes mellitus Adult: 100 mg once daily. Hepatic impairment Mild to moderate impairment: Dose adjustment not necessary Severe impairment: Not studied
Safety and efficacy not established
Renal impairment CrCl >50 mL/min: Dose adjustment not necessary CrCl 30-50 mL/min: 50 mg PO qDay CrCl <30 mL/min: 25 mg PO qDay ESRD: 25 mg PO qDay regardless of hemodialysis
Hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, and exfoliative skin conditions including Stevens-Johnson syndrome can occur. Type 1 diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosis.
Mode of Action
Sitagliptin inhibits dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV), resulting in prolonged active incretin levels. Incretin hormones increases insulin synthesis and release from pancreatic beta-cells and reduces glucagon secretion from pancreatic beta-cells. Reduced glucagon secretion leads to decreased hepatic glucose production.
Patient w/ type 1 diabetes, history of angioedema. Not intended for the treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis. Moderate and severe renal impairment. Pregnancy and lactation. Monitoring Parameters Monitor glycosylated Hb (HbA1c), serum glucose. Assess renal function prior to initiation of therapy and periodically thereafter. Lactation: Not known whether excreted in breast milk: use caution
1-10% Nasopharyngitis (5%),Diarrhea (4%),Headache (3.6%),Constipation (3%),Peripheral edema (2%),Nausea (2%),Pharyngitis (1%),Osteoarthritis (1%),URI (1%) <1% Hypersensitivity reactions such as anaphylaxis, angioedema, rash, urticaria, cutaneous vasculitis, and exfoliative skin conditions (including Stevens-Johnson syndrome) Hepatic enzyme elevations,Acute pancreatitis, including fatal and nonfatal hemorrhagic and necrotizing pancreatitis.Constipation.Vomiting.Worsening renal function, including acute renal failure (sometimes requiring dialysis),Severe and disabling arthralgia,Myalgia,Pain in extremity,Back pain
Increased risk of hypoglycaemia when used in combination w/ sulfonylureas or insulin.
The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.