It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Sedapan.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Sedapan is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Sedapan is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.
Sedapan may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive. Sedapan can make you sleepy, forgetful, and have poor co-ordination. This may affect your ability to drive.
Sedapan should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Sedapan may be needed. Please consult your doctor. Dose adjustment may be required if it is to be given for a long period
Sedapan should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Sedapan may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Sedapan is a prescription medicine used in the treatment of short-term anxiety. It can also be used to treat acute alcohol withdrawal, to relieve muscle spasm and as adjunctive therapy for seizures. This medicine relaxes the nerve cells and calms the brain. Sedapan may be taken with or without food. However, take it at the same time each day as this helps to maintain a consistent level of medicine in the body. Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor as it has a high potential of habit-forming. If you have missed any doses, take it as soon as you remember it and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better. Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly without talking to your doctor as it can cause withdrawal effects like depression and difficulty sleeping. Side effects of this medicine include fatigue, confusion, tremor, double vision, insomnia, dry mouth, and headache. It may cause dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you. This medicine may cause weight gain. But, a good balanced diet and regular exercise can help to reduce extra weight. If you have been taking this medicine for a long time then regular monitoring of blood and liver functions may be required.
Uses of Sedapan
- Short term anxiety
- Alcohol withdrawal
- Muscle spasm
Side effects of Sedapan
- Impaired coordination
- Muscle weakness
How to use Sedapan
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Sedapan may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.
How Sedapan works
Sedapan is a benzodiazepine. It works by increasing the action of a chemical messenger (GABA) which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.
What if you forget to take Sedapan?
If you miss a dose of Sedapan, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
- Sedapan helps treat short term anxiety.
- Safety of this medicine is not established for long-term use. Do not use it for more than 4 weeks.
- The addiction / habit-forming potential of this medicine is very high. Take it only as per the dose and duration advised by your doctor
- It may cause dizziness. Do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you.
- Avoid consuming alcohol as it may increase dizziness and drowsiness.
- Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to conceive or breastfeeding.
- Do not stop taking medication suddenly without talking to your doctor as that may lead to nausea, anxiety, agitation, flu-like symptoms, sweating, tremor, and confusion.
Agitation, Anxiety, Anaesthesia, Seizures, Insomnia, Muscle spasms, Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
May be taken with or without food. IV Preparation Compatibility with D5W, NS, and Ringer's controversial. If infusion is selected, adding the infusion solution to the diazepam injection (and not the other way around) may prevent precipitate formation IV Administration Administer over 3 min; no more than 5 mg/min Monitor respiration q5-15min and before each IV dose Have airway support ready until effects of IV administration are known Rectal Administration Place patient on side facing you with upper leg bent forward, lubricate rectal applicator tip, gently insert syringe tip in rectum and slowly push plunger
Anxiety 2-10 mg PO q6-12hr, OR 2-10 mg IV/IM q6-12hr; no more than 30 mg/8 hours Alcohol Withdrawal 10 mg PO q6-8hr during first 24hr; reduce to 5 mg PO q6-8hr PRN Initial: 10 mg IV/IM, may give additional doses of 5-10 mg IV q6-8hr as needed Endoscopy IV: Titrate dose to 10 mg or less immediately before procedure, not to exceed cumulative dose of 20 mg; reduce dose of narcotic by one third or omit, OR IM: 5-10 mg 30 minutes before procedure Preoperative Sedation 10 mg IM before surgery Sedation in the ICU 5-10 mg IV 1-2 hours before surgery; 0.03-0.1 mg/kg q30min to 6hr Muscle Spasm 2-10 mg PO q6-8hr PRN, OR 5-10 mg IV/IM initially; THEN q3-4hr if necessary Seizure Disorder 2-10 mg PO q6-12hr as adjunct, OR 0.2 mg/kg PR, repeat after 4-12 hours PRN Status Epilepticus 5-10 mg IV/IM q5-10min; not to exceed 30 mg, OR 0.5 mg/kg PR (using parenteral solution), THEN 0.25 mg/kg in 10 minutes PRN Elderly: Should not exceed half the adult dose. Hepatic impairment: Dose reduction may be required.
Sedative/Muscle Relaxant Potentially toxic dose in patients <6 years: >0.5 mg/kg <6 months: Not recommended >12 years 0.12-0.8 mg/kg/day PO divided q6-8hr, OR 0.04-0.2 mg/kg IV/IM q2-4hr; no more than 0.6 mg/kg within 8 hours Status Epilepticus Potentially toxic dose in patients <6 years: >0.5 mg/kg PR 2-6 years: 0.5 mg/kg; may repeat in 4-12 hours PRN 6-12 years: 0.3 mg/kg; may repeat in 4-12 hours PRN >12 years: 0.2 mg/kg; may repeat in 4-12 hours PRN IV 6 months-5 years: 0.2-0.5 mg IV initially, repeat every 2-5 minutes; do not exceed 5 mg; may repeat 2-4 hours later PRN >5 years: 1 mg IV given slowly every 2-5 min; not to exceed 10 mg total dose; may repeat in 2-4 hours if necessary
Renal impairment: Dose reduction may be required.
Hypersensitivity; myasthenia gravis, preexisting CNS depression or coma, respiratory depression; acute pulmonary insufficiency or sleep apnoea syndrome; severe hepatic impairment; acute narrow angle glaucoma; children <6 mth (oral); pregnancy and lactation.
Mode of Action
Diazepam is a long-acting benzodiazepine w/ anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant and amnestic properties. It increases neuronal membrane permeability to Cl ions by binding to stereospecific benzodiazepine receptors on the postsynaptic GABA neuron w/in the CNS and enhancing the GABA inhibitory effects resulting in hyperpolarisation and stabilisation.
Impaired renal and hepatic function, respiratory disease, organic cerebral changes, elderly, psychotic patients, epileptics, history of alcohol or drug addiction, impaired gag reflux, obese patients. May cause CNS depression. Discontinue treatment if patient develops psychiatric and paradoxical reactions. Caution when used in patients with depression or anxiety associated with depression, especially if patient has suicidal risk. May increase risk of falls. Safety and efficacy of the inj have not been established in children <1 mth of age. Safety and efficacy of oral use have not been established in children <6 mth of age. Safety and efficacy of rectal gel have not been established in children <2 yr of age. Abrupt withdrawal or large dose reduction may cause rebound or withdrawal symptoms. Lactation: Enters breast milk; not recommended
1-10% Atax (3%),Euphoria (3%, rectal gel),Incoordination (3%, rectal gel),Somnolence (>1%),Rash (3%, rectal gel),Diarrhea (4%, rectal gel) Frequency Not Defined Common,Hypotension,Fatigue,Muscle weakness,Respiratory depression,Urinary retention,Depression,Incontinence,Blurred vision,Dysarthria,Headache,Skin rash,Changes in salivation,Serious,Neutropenia,Jaundice Local effects: Pain, swelling, thrombophlebitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, tissue necrosis,Phlebitis if too rapid IV push Potentially Fatal: Respiratory and CNS depression, coma.
Pregnancy Category Note
Pregnancy category: D Lactation: Enters breast milk; not recommended Minor tranquilizers should be avoided in first trimester of pregnancy due to increased risk of congenital malformations Maternal use shortly before delivery is associated with floppy infant syndrome (good and consistent evidence) Prenatal benzodiazepine exposure slightly increased oral cleft risk (limited or inconsistent evidence)
May significantly enhance CNS depressant effect w/ antivirals (e.g. amprenavir, ritonavir). May enhance CNS depressant effect w/ anaesth, narcotic analgesics, antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, antiepileptics, antihistamines, antihypertensives, muscle relaxants (e.g. tizanidine, baclofen), nabilone. May decrease clearance w/ antibacterials that interfere w/ metabolism by hepatic enzymes (e.g. isoniazid and erythromycin), OC, cimetidine, omeprazole. May increase clearance w/ antibacterials which are known inducers of hepatic enzymes (e.g. rifampicin). May increase serum level w/ disulfiram. May reduce clearance of digoxin. May reduce therapeutic effect w/ theophylline. Reversible deterioration of parkinsonism w/ levodopa.
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The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.