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ফার্মেসীর জন্য পাইকারি দামে ঔষধ কিনতে রেজিস্টেশন করুন
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Sefety Advices
বাংলা
English
UNSAFE
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Losacard.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Losacard is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Losacard is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent any significant risk to the baby.
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
It is not known whether Losacard alters the ability to drive. Do not drive if you experience any symptoms that affect your ability to concentrate and react.
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Losacard is safe to use in patients with kidney disease. No dose adjustment of Losacard is recommended. However, talk to your doctor if you have any underlying kidney disease. Regular monitoring of blood pressure is recommended for better dose adjustment.
CAUTION
Losacard should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Losacard may be needed. Please consult your doctor. Use of Losacard is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease.
Medical Overview
Introduction
Losacard is a medicine used to treat high blood pressure and heart disease. Lowering blood pressure helps to prevent future heart attack and stroke. This medicine is also effective in preserving kidney function in patients with diabetes. Losacard can be prescribed either alone or in combination with other medicines. It may be taken with or without food during the day or at night. However, try to take it at the same time each day to get the most benefit. It is important to continue taking it regularly even if you feel well or if your blood pressure is controlled. Most people with high blood pressure do not feel ill, but if you stop taking this medicine, your condition could get worse. This is a widely used medicine and is considered safe for long-term use. Making some changes in your lifestyle will also help lower your blood pressure. These may include regular exercise, losing weight, smoking cessation, reducing alcohol intake, and reducing the amount of salt in your diet as advised by your doctor. This medicine is tolerated well by most patients and has few side effects. Dizziness, particularly after the first dose, is known to occur in some people. This may be associated with headache. Let your doctor know if these side effects bother you or do not go away. No weight gain has been seen with the regular use of this medicine. Before taking this medicine, let your doctor know if you have any kidney or liver problems. Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers should also consult their doctor before taking it. Your doctor may check your kidney function, blood pressure and potassium levels in your blood at regular intervals while you are taking this medicine.
Uses of Losacard
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Heart failure
  • Prevention of heart attack and stroke
Side effects of Losacard
Common
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level)
  • Increased potassium level in blood
  • Increased blood urea
How to use Losacard
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Losacard may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.
How Losacard works
Losacard is an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB). It relaxes the blood vessel by blocking the action of a chemical that usually makes blood vessels tighter. This lowers the blood pressure, allowing the blood to flow more smoothly to different organs and the heart to pump more efficiently.
What if you forget to take Losacard?
If you miss a dose of Losacard, skip it and continue with your normal schedule. Do not double the dose.
Quick Tips
  • Take it at the same time every day to help you remember to take it.
  • It can make you feel dizzy for the first few days. Rise slowly if you have been sitting or lying down for a long time.
  • Your doctor may get regular tests done to monitor the level of urea, creatinine, and potassium in your blood.
  • Avoid taking anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen along with this medicine without consulting your doctor.
  • Do not take Losacard if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Do not stop taking it suddenly without talking to your doctor.
Brief Description
Indication
Diabetic nephropathy, Hypertension, Stroke risk reduction of hypertensive or LVH patients, Heart Failure, Hypertensive Patients with Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Administration
May be taken with or without food.
Adult Dose
Oral Hypertension Adult: 50 mg once daily, may increase to 100 mg/day as single dose or in 2 divided doses if needed. Patients w/ intravascular volume depletion: Initially, 25 mg once daily. Diabetic nephropathy in Type 2 diabetes mellitus Adult: Initially, 50 mg once daily, may increase to 100 mg once daily depending on BP response. Heart failure, Hypertension and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy, Stroke risk reduction of hypertensive or LVH patients: Adult: Initially, 50 mg once daily. Hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg daily should be added and/or the dose of Losartan should be increased to 100 mg once daily followed by an increase in hydrochlorothiazide to 25 mg once daily based on blood pressure response
Child Dose
Hypertension <6 years: Safety and efficacy not established Child: >6 yr 20-50 kg: Initially, 0.7 mg/kg. Max: 50 mg/day; >50 kg: Initially, 1.4 mg/kg. Max: 100 mg/day.
Renal Dose
Renal impairment: CrCl <20 ml/min: Initially 25 mg once daily.
Contraindication
Losartan potassium is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to the active ingredient or any component of the drug. Concomitant use w/ aliskiren in patients w/ diabetes and renal impairment (GFR <60 mL/min). Severe hepatic impairment. Pregnancy.
Mode of Action
Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It selectively and competitively blocks the vasoconstricting and aldosterone-secreting effects of angiotensin II by selectively antagonising its binding to AT1 receptors.
Precaution
Volume-depleted patients including patients on high-dose diuretics. Patients w/ bilateral renal artery stenosis , aortic or mitral stenosis. Renal and mild to moderate hepatic impairment. Lactation. Monitoring Parameters Monitor BP, electrolytes and renal function. Lactation: Unknown if excreted in milk; not recommended
Side Effect
>10% Fatigue (14%),Hypoglycemia (14%),Anemia (14%),Urinary tract infection (UTI) (13%),Chest pain (12%),Weakness (14%),Diarrhea (2-15%),Cough; incidence higher in previous cough related to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy (3-11%) 1-10% Upper respiratory tract infection (8%),Hypotension (7%),Dizziness (4%),Cellulitis (7%),Gastritis (5%),Nausea (2%) Frequency Not Defined Angioedema,Edema/swelling,Hypotension in hypovolemic or diuretic-using patients,Asthenia,Headache,Malaise,Nausea,Abdominal pain,Hyperkalemia,Back pain,Worsening renal failure
Pregnancy Category Note
Pregnancy Categories C (first trimester) and D (second and third trimesters).
Interaction
May decrease plasma levels / fluconazole and rifampicin. May increase serum lithium levels and toxicity. May antagonise hypotensive effect and increase risk of renal impairment w/ NSAIDs. Increased risk of hyperkalaemia w/ K-sparing diuretics (e.g. amiloride, triamterene, spironolactone), K supplements or K-containing salt substitutes. Potentially Fatal: May increase nephrotoxic, hyperkalaemic and hypotensive effect w/ aliskiren in patients w/ diabetes and renal impairment (GFR <60 mL/min).
ফার্মেসীর জন্য পাইকারি দামে ঔষধ কিনতে রেজিস্টেশন করুন
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Disclaimer
The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts.